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Original source: Chorale, Befiehl du deine Wege, BWV 271
Chorale Text: Befiehl du deine Wege*, by Paul Gerhardt (1653)
Tune: Befiehl du deine Wege (melody #1), by Hans Leo Hassler (1601) (Zahn 5385a)
First Performance: Unknown*
Appearance in Early Collections (Key):
AmB 46II p.330
Other Harmonizations: BWVs
This chorale survives without text. The text that appears here is the one provided by editors of the Bach Gesellschaft Ausgabe (BGA).
Speculation regarding liturgical occasion: According to Smend, this setting may have come from the lost St. Mark Passion (BWV 247). He suggests three possible movements:
1) Movement 23 using the 6th verse of O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden
2) Movement 28 using the 1st verse of Befiehl du deine Wege
3) Movement 30 using the 2nd verse of O Haupt voll Blut und Wunden
(See NBA III/2.2 KB, p.329, also III/2.1 KB, p.99)
Smend’s suggestion is supported in two ways: 1) This chorale tune has a strong association with Good Friday, and 2) its position in the Dietel Collection, sections of which are arranged loosely by the liturgical calendar – Dietel chorales 136, 138, 139, 140 and 142 are all from Good Friday passions (BWVs 244 & 245).
View a complete listing of speculations regarding the liturgical occasions of individual BWV 253–438 chorales.
bach–chorales.com by Luke Dahn. Copyright 2018.